SAMR

Substitution, Augmentation, Modification, Redefinition

Substitution, Augmentation, Modification, Redefinition

SAMR is a model created by Dr. Ruben Puentedura to assist teachers and schools with making choices pertaining to technology and its use (or lack thereof) un the classroom. The first two categories, substitution and augmentation are considered to be enhancements to teaching and learning.  The lesson and the learning remain essentially unchanged, despite the addition of technology. The second two categories; modification and redefinition are transformative in their approach to the curriculum and the learning to take place. There will be instances, occasionally, where substitution and modification are acceptable uses of technology. However, generally speaking, we want to be using technology efficiently to aim for the transformation that can take place when we reach up toward modification and redefinition.

For the purposes of clarification, we will use Google Earth and its affiliated resources as the ed tech tool for our example, here is an exemplar of the same tool used for each of the four stages of the SAMR model.